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Nigeria’s Goodluck Jonathan sworn in as president

Nigeria’s Goodluck Jonathan sworn in as president

Nigeria’s acting President Goodluck Jonathan has been sworn in as head of state following the death of President Umaru Yar’Adua after a long illness.

Mr Jonathan, in charge since February, will appoint a deputy and serve out the rest of the current presidential term until elections due next year.

Mr Yar’Adua died late on Wednesday in the capital Abuja. TV broadcasts were interrupted with the news.

Seven days of national mourning have been announced.

Mr Jonathan took the oath of office in front of government ministers and other officials in Abuja almost 12 hours after Mr Yar’Adua died. The ceremony was performed by Chief Justice Alloysius Katsina-Alu.

Mr Jonathan put on a sash bearing the green, yellow and white colours of Nigeria, signifying he had formally taken over as president.

Nigeria has lost the jewel on its crown and even the heavens mourn with our nation tonight,” Goodluck Jonathan

Afterwards he made a brief address, saying his administration was committed to pursuing good governance, electoral reform and the fight against corruption “with greater vigour”.

“Having taken the oath of office, in line with the Nigerian constitution, under these very sad, unusual circumstances I urge fellow citizens to remain steadfast and committed to the values and aspirations of our nation,” he said.

“While this is a major burden on me, and indeed the entire nation, we must – in the midst of such great adversity – continue to gain our collective efforts towards upholding the values which our departed leader represented.”

He added: “One of the true tests will be that all votes count, and are counted, in our upcoming presidential election.”

The BBC’s Karen Allen says that all eyes will now be on the figure President Jonathan – who is from the Christian South – appoints as his deputy.

By tradition the presidency alternates between the Muslim North and the Christian South, and whomever he selects is likely to be seen as the presidential candidate for the ruling party the PDP, she says.

However, some analysts believe that Mr Jonathan could still strengthen his political powerbase, defy religious convention and run for office himself.

Mr Yar’Adua, who was 58, will be buried in a Muslim ceremony later on Thursday in his northern home state of Katsina, officials said.

Condolences paid

Nigerian TV interrupted normal programming to announce the news in a brief statement early on Thursday.

The announcer said: “The president and commander-in-chief of the armed forces, Umaru Musa Yar’Adua, died a few hours ago at the presidential villa.


Umaru Yar'Adua

Born in northern Katsina state in 1951
University chemistry professor before entering politics
Married, with nine children
Elected president in 2007 promising reforms
Fell ill repeatedly while in office

Government spokesman Olusegun Adeniyi said the president’s wife, Turai, was at his side when he died.

Shortly after Mr Yar’Adua’s death was announced, people began arriving at the residence to pay their condolences.

Nigeria has lost the jewel on its crown and even the heavens mourn with our nation tonight,” Mr Jonathan said in a statement.

US President Barack Obama has led tributes from world leaders, praising Mr Yar’Adua’s “profound personal decency and integrity” and his “passionate belief in the vast potential and bright future of Nigeria’s 150 million people“.

Zimbabwean Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai described it as “a great loss for Nigeria“.

Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki said Mr Yar’Adua “bequeathed upon the people of Nigeria and Africa at large a rich legacy of integrity“.

A statement from the militant group The Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta said it considered Mr Yar’Adua “a genuine peacemaker whose initiatives, humility and respect began to bring confidence to the peace process”.

His death may leave a vacuum that may not be filled,” the statement added.

Mr Yar’Adua’s election in 2007 marked the first transfer of power from one civilian president to another since Nigeria’s independence in 1960.

He promised a string of reforms in Africa’s most populous nation, including tackling corruption and reforming the inadequate energy sector and flawed electoral system.

Analysts say he made the most progress in tackling unrest in the oil-rich Niger Delta by offering amnesties to rebels.

He had been absent from the political scene since November, when he went to a hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, for several months.

Political limbo

During that time he was not heard from, apart from a BBC interview. He returned to Nigeria in February but remained too sick to govern.

Mr Yar'Adua was credited with easing tensions in the Niger Delta

Mr Yar'Adua was credited with easing tensions in the Niger Delta

A presidential spokesman said at the time that he was being treated for acute pericarditis, an inflammation of the lining around the heart.

His long absence and the lack of detailed information about his health led to a political limbo in Nigeria, which was only filled when Mr Jonathan was named as acting president.

However, there was constant tension between Mr Yar’Adua’s supporters, from the Muslim north, and those of Mr Jonathan, from the largely Christian south, and in March Mr Jonathan dissolved the cabinet and later put his own team in place.

During Mr Yar’Adua’s absence, Nigerian Nobel prize-winning author Wole Soyinka was involved in the campaign to resolve the power vacuum.

On Thursday he said Mr Yar’Adua’s illness had been manipulated by politicians who he said had concealed the fact he was in a vegetative state while making arrangements for the forthcoming election.

He told the BBC the late president had been a victim of a macabre game over his succession and not been allowed to be ill in dignity.

The BBC’s Caroline Duffield in Jos, central Nigeria, says President Yar’Adua will be fondly remembered as a quiet and softly-spoken man whose integrity was respected.

But in his last months, it was clear he was too ill to take decisions himself.

His family and closest political advisers had faced severe criticism and were accused of using him to hold on to power, says our correspondent.

BBC News

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  • sir, hown sir ur day and U.S. i pray for his grace to help u pilote the Nation at large amen…i wish i can hear from u….sir

    24th May 2010

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